Table of Contents
16. Jesus Reenters Jerusalem
Christ's Triumphal Entry Into Jerusalem As The Messiah
(Matt 21:1-11,14-17 Mark
Jesus Curses the Fig Tree
When they drew near to
Jerusalem, and came to Bethsphage and
Bethany, at the Mount of Olives, Jesus
sent two disciples, saying to them, "Go into the village that is opposite you, and
you enter into it, you
will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her. Untie them, and
bring them to me. If anyone asks you, 'Why are you
untying it?' you
shall say, 'The Lord needs them,' and immediately he will send
(And) the disciples went, and did just as Jesus commanded
things just as he had told them. As they were untying the donkey
and colt, its
owners said to them, "Why are you untying the donkey
and colt?" (And) they said, "The Lord needs it." So they
let them go.
All this was done, that it might be
fulfilled which was spoken through the prophet, saying, "Don't be afraid Tell
the daughter of Zion, behold, your King comes to you, humble,
and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey."
A great multitude had come to the
feast. When they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, they took the branches of the palm trees, and went out to
(And) a very great multitude
spread their clothes on the road. Others cut branches from the
trees, and spread them on the road. And
then, as he
was now getting near, at the descent of the Mount of Olives, the
whole multitude of the disciples who
went before him, and who followed began to rejoice and
praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works which they
had seen, The multitudes were shouting,
"Hosanna to the son of David! Blessed is the
King who comes
in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest! Peace
in heaven and glory in the highest! Blessed is the kingdom of our
father David that is coming in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in
When he drew near, he saw the
city and wept over it, saying, "If you, even you, had known today the things which
belong to your peace! But now, they are hidden from your eyes. For the days will come on you, when your enemies will throw
up a barricade against you, surround you, hem you in on every
side, and will dash you and your children within you to the ground.
They will not leave in you one stone on another, because you
didn't know the time of your visitation."
When Jesus had
come into Jerusalem, all the city was stirred up, saying, "Who
is this?" The multitudes said, "This is the prophet, Jesus, from
Nazareth of Galilee."
The blind and the lame came to him in the temple, and he
healed them. But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the wonderful
things that he did, and the children who were crying in the
temple and saying, "Hosanna to the son of David!" they were
indignant, So, some
of the Pharisees from the multitude said to him, "Teacher,
rebuke your disciples! Do
you hear what these are saying?"
Jesus said to them, "Yes. Did you never read, 'Out of the mouth
of babes and nursing babies you have perfected praise? I
tell you that if these were silent, the stones would cry out."
He left them, and went out of the city to Bethany with
the twelve, and
His disciples didn't
understand these things at first, but when Jesus was glorified,
then they remembered that these things were written about him,
and that they had done these things to him.
The multitude therefore that was with him when he called
Lazarus out of the tomb, and raised him from the dead, was
testifying about it. For this cause also the multitude went and met him, because
they heard that he had done this sign. The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, "See how you
accomplish nothing. Behold, the world has gone after him."
The Second Cleansing of the Temple
Now as Jesus returned
to the city in the morning of the next day, when
they had come out from Bethany, he was hungry. Seeing a fig tree afar off having leaves, he came to see if
perhaps he might find anything on it. When he came to it, he
found nothing but leaves, for it was not the season for figs. (And) Jesus told it, "Let
there be no fruit from you forever! May
no one ever eat fruit from you again!" And his disciples heard
In Jerusalem, Jesus Talks About Being Lifted Up
came to Jerusalem, and Jesus entered into the temple of
began to throw out those who sold and those who bought in the
temple, and overthrew the tables of the money changers, and the
seats of those who sold the doves. He would not allow anyone to carry a container through the
(And) He said to them, "It is
written, 'My house shall be called a house of prayer for
all the nations, but you have made
it a den of robbers!'"
The chief priests and the
scribes heard it, and sought how they might destroy him. For
they feared him, because all the multitude was astonished at his
(And) He was
teaching daily in the temple, but the chief priests and the
scribes and the leading men among the people sought to destroy
him. They couldn't find what they might do, for all the people
hung on to every word that he said.
From the Earth to Draw All People to Him
The Fig Tree is Withered
Now there were certain Greeks
among those that went up to worship at the feast. These, therefore, came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida of
Galilee, and asked him, saying, "Sir, we want to see Jesus." Philip came and told Andrew, and in turn, Andrew came with
Philip, and they told Jesus. Jesus answered them, "The time has come for the Son of Man to
be glorified. Most certainly I tell you, unless a grain of wheat falls into
the earth and dies, it remains by itself alone. But if it dies,
it bears much fruit. He who loves his life will lose it. He who hates his life in
this world will keep it to eternal life. If anyone serves me, let him follow me. Where I am, there
will my servant also be. If anyone serves me, the Father will
"Now my soul is troubled. What shall I say? 'Father, save me
from this time?' But for this cause I came to this time. Father, glorify your name!"
Then there came a voice out of the sky, saying, "I have both
glorified it, and will glorify it again."
The multitude therefore, who stood by and heard it, said that
it had thundered. Others said, "An angel has spoken to him."
Jesus answered, "This voice hasn't come for my sake, but for
your sakes. Now is the judgment of this world. Now the prince of this
world will be cast out. And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people
to myself." But he said this, signifying by what kind of death he should
die. The multitude answered him, "We have heard out of the law
that the Christ remains forever. How do you say, 'The Son of Man
must be lifted up?' Who is this Son of Man?"
Jesus therefore said to them, "Yet a little while the light
is with you. Walk while you have the light, that darkness
doesn't overtake you. He who walks in the darkness doesn't know
where he is going. While you have the light, believe in the light, that you may
become children of light." Jesus said these things, and he
departed and hid himself from them. But though he had done so many signs before them, yet they
didn't believe in him, that the word of Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, which
he spoke, "Lord, who has believed our report? To whom has the
arm of the Lord been revealed?"
For this cause they couldn't believe, for Isaiah said again, "He has blinded their eyes and he hardened their heart, lest
they should see with their eyes, and perceive with their heart,
and would turn, and I would heal them."
Isaiah said these things when he saw his glory, and spoke of
him. Nevertheless even of the rulers many believed in him, but
because of the Pharisees they didn't confess it, so that they
wouldn't be put out of the synagogue, for they loved men's praise more than God's praise.
Jesus cried out and said, "Whoever believes in me, believes
not in me, but in him who sent me. He who sees me sees him who sent me. I have come as a light into the world, that whoever believes
in me may not remain in the darkness. If anyone listens to my sayings, and doesn't believe, I don't
judge him. For I came not to judge the world, but to save the
world. He who rejects me, and doesn't receive my sayings, has one
who judges him. The word that I spoke, the same will judge him
in the last day. For I spoke not from myself, but the Father who sent me, he
gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should
speak. I know that his commandment is eternal life. The things
therefore which I speak, even as the Father has said to me, so I
The Jews Formally Challenge Jesus' Authority.
Every day Jesus was teaching
in the temple, and every night he would go out and spend the
night on the mountain that is called Olivet. All the people came early in the morning to him in the temple
to hear him.
came, he went out of the city
the morning, as they passed by, they saw the fig tree dried up
from the roots. For immediately
the fig tree had withered
away. And Peter, remembering, said to
Him, "Rabbi, look! The fig tree which You cursed has withered
did the fig tree wither away so soon?"
answered them, "Most certainly I tell you, if you have faith in
God, and don't doubt, you will not
only do what was done to the fig tree, but even if you told this
mountain, 'Be taken up and cast into the sea,' it would be done. For most certainly I tell you, He
tell this mountain, 'Be taken up and cast into the sea,' and
doesn't doubt in his heart, but believes that what he says is
happening; he shall have whatever he says. Therefore
I tell you, All
things, whatever you ask in prayer, believing, you will receive. Believe
that you have received them, and you shall have them. Whenever you stand praying, forgive, if you have anything
against anyone; so that your Father, who is in heaven, may also
forgive you your transgressions.
Jesus Then Asks About John's Baptism. Jesus Gives
3 Parables Concerning the Wickedness of the Jews.
(Matt 21:23-22:14 Mark
They Tried to Trap Jesus With His Words, But Could Not
came again to Jerusalem, When
he had come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of
the people came to him as he was teaching, and said, "By what
authority do you do these things? Who gave you this authority?"
Jesus answered them, "I also will ask you one question, which
if you tell me, I likewise will tell you by what authority I do
these things. The baptism of John, where
was it from? Was
it from heaven, or from men? Answer me."
They reasoned with themselves,
saying, "If we say, 'From heaven,' he will ask us, 'Why then did
you not believe him?' But if we say, 'From men,' we fear the multitude, all
the people will stone us, for they are persuaded that John was a
prophet." So, they
answered Jesus, and said, "We don't know."
He also said to them, "Neither will I tell you by what authority
I do these things. But what do you
think? A man had two sons, and he came to the first, and said,
'Son, go work today in my vineyard.' He answered, 'I will not,' but afterward he changed his mind,
and went. He came to the second, and said the same thing. He answered,
'I go, sir,' but he didn't go. Which of the two did the will of his father?"
They said to him, "The first."
Jesus said to them, "Most certainly I tell you that the tax
collectors and the prostitutes are entering into the Kingdom of
God before you. For John came to you in the way of righteousness, and you
didn't believe him, but the tax collectors and the prostitutes
believed him. When you saw it, you didn't even repent afterward,
that you might believe him.
"Hear another parable. There was a man who was a master of a
household, who planted a vineyard, set a hedge about it, dug a
winepress in it, built a tower, leased it out to farmers, and
went into another country for
a long time. When the season for the fruit
drew near, he sent his servants to the farmers to
collect his share of the fruit of the vineyard. The farmers took
him, beat him, and sent him away empty. Again, he sent another servant to them; and they threw stones
at him, wounded him in the head, and sent him away shamefully
treated. Again he sent another; and they killed him; and many others,
beating some, and killing some. The lord of the vineyard said,
'What shall I do? I will send my beloved son. It may be that
seeing him, they will respect him.' So, he
sent to them his son, saying, 'They will respect my son.' But the farmers, when they saw the son, said among
themselves, 'This is the heir. Come, let's kill him, and seize
his inheritance.' So they took him, and threw him out of the vineyard, and
killed him. When therefore the lord of the vineyard comes, what will he
do to those farmers?"
They told him, "He will miserably destroy those miserable
men, and will lease out the vineyard to other farmers, who will
give him the fruit in its season."
Jesus said to them, "Did you never read in the Scriptures,
'The stone which the builders rejected, the same was made the
head of the corner, the
chief cornerstone. This
was from the Lord. It is marvelous in our eyes?'
"Therefore I tell you, the Kingdom of God will be taken away
from you, and will be given to a nation bringing forth its
fruit. He who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but on
whoever it will fall, it will scatter him as dust."
When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables,
they perceived that he spoke about them. the chief priests and the
scribes sought to lay hands on him that very hour, but they
feared the people, because they
considered him to be a prophet, and
the people knew
He had spoken this parable against them;
left him, and went away.
Then Jesus began
to tell the people this parable: "The Kingdom of
Heaven is like a certain king, who made a marriage feast for his
son, and sent out his servants to call those who were invited to
the marriage feast, but they would not come. Again he sent out other servants, saying, 'Tell those who are
invited, "Behold, I have prepared my dinner. My cattle and my
fatlings are killed, and all things are ready. Come to the
marriage feast!"' But they made light of it, and went their ways, one to his own
farm, another to his merchandise, and the rest grabbed his servants, and treated them
shamefully, and killed them. When the king heard that, he was angry, and sent his armies,
destroyed those murderers, and burned their city.
"Then he said to his servants, 'The wedding is ready, but
those who were invited weren't worthy. Go therefore to the intersections of the highways, and as many
as you may find, invite to the marriage feast.' Those servants went out into the highways, and gathered
together as many as they found, both bad and good. The wedding
was filled with guests. But when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a
man who didn't have on wedding clothing, and he said to him, 'Friend, how did you come in here not
wearing wedding clothing?' He was speechless. Then the king said to the servants, 'Bind him hand and foot,
take him away, and throw him into the outer darkness; there is
where the weeping and grinding of teeth will be.' For many are called, but few chosen."
(Matt 22:15-22 Mark
The Sadducees Ask Jesus About the Resurrection
They watched him, and sent out
spies, who pretended to be righteous, that they might trap him
in something he said, so as to deliver him up to the power and
authority of the governor. Then the Pharisees went
and took counsel how they might entrap him in his talk.
They sent their disciples to
of the Pharisees along
with the Herodians, saying, "Teacher, we know that you are
honest, and teach the way of God in truth, no matter who you
teach, for you aren't partial to anyone,
but truly teach the way of God. Tell us therefore, what do you
think? Is it lawful for
pay taxes to Caesar, or not? Shall
we pay, or shall we not pay?"
But Jesus perceived their
wickedness, and said, "Why do you test me, you hypocrites? Show me the tax money."
They brought to him a denarius.
He asked them, "Whose is this image and inscription?"
They said to him, "Caesar's."
Then he said to them, "Give therefore to Caesar the things that
are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's."
When they heard it, they marveled and
were silent. So
him, and went away. They
weren't able to trap him in his words before the people.
(Matt 22:23-33 Mark
The Pharisees Ask Jesus About The Greatest Commandment
On that (same) day some
of the Sadducees,
those who say that there is no resurrection, came to him. They
asked him, saying, "Teacher, Moses said, 'If a man dies, leaving a
wife behind, but having
no children; His brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed
for his brother.' Now there were with us seven brothers. The
first took a wife, and died childless. The second took her as wife, and he died childless. The third took her, and likewise to
the seventh. The
seven all left no children, and died. Last of all the woman also died. Therefore in the resurrection when
they rise, whose
the seven will
she be? For the seven had her as a wife." But Jesus answered them, "You
are mistaken, not knowing the Scriptures, nor the power of God.
The children of this age marry,
and are given in marriage. But those who are considered worthy to attain to that age in
from the dead, they neither
marry nor are given in marriage; but
are like God's angels in heaven. For they can't die any more,
for they are like the angels, and are children of God, being
children of the resurrection. But concerning the resurrection
of the dead, haven't you read in
the book of Moses, that
which was spoken to you by God, in
the burning bush, saying, 'I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of
Jacob'? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living, for
all are alive to him. You
are therefore badly mistaken. So, even
Moses showed at the bush that the dead are raised." When the
multitudes heard it, they were astonished at his teaching.
(Matt 22:34-40 Mark
Jesus Asks Whose Son Christ Is
But the Pharisees, when they
heard that he had silenced the Sadducees, gathered themselves
together. (Then) one
of the scribes, a lawyer, who heard
them questioning together. Knowing that he had answered them
well, Said, "Teacher,
you speak well." Then
him a question, testing him. "Teacher, which is the great
commandment in the law?" Jesus said to him, "The
greatest is, 'Hear, Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one: 'You
shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your
soul, and with all your mind. and
with all your strength. This is the first and great
commandment. A second likewise is this, 'You
shall love your neighbor as yourself.' There is no other
commandment greater than these. The whole law and the prophets
depend on these two commandments."
The scribe said to him, "Truly,
teacher, you have said well that he is one, and there is none
other but he, and to love him with all the heart, and with all the
understanding, with all the soul, and with all the strength, and
to love his neighbor as himself, is more important than all
whole burnt offerings and sacrifices."
When Jesus saw that he answered wisely, he said to him, "You
are not far from the Kingdom of God."
They didn't dare
to ask him any more questions.
(Matt 22:41-46 Mark
Beware Of The Scribes
Now while the Pharisees were
gathered together, Jesus asked them a question,
saying, "What do you think of the Christ? Whose son is he?"
They said to him, "Of David."
He said to them, "In
the book of Psalms: How
then does David in the Spirit call him Lord, saying, 'The Lord said to my Lord, sit on my right hand, until I make
your enemies a footstool for your feet?'
If then David calls him Lord, how is he his son?"
(And) no one was able to answer him a word, neither did any
man dare ask him any more questions from that day forth.
common people heard him gladly.
(Matt 23:1-39 Mark
The Poor Widow's Gift
Then Jesus spoke to the
multitudes and to his disciples, saying, "The scribes and the Pharisees sat on Moses' seat. All things therefore whatever they tell you to observe,
observe and do, but don't do their works; for they say, and
don't do. Beware
of the scribes, For they bind heavy burdens that
are grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but
they themselves will not lift a finger to help them. But all their works they do to be seen by men who
like to walk in long robes.
They make their phylacteries broad and enlarge the borders of
their garments. and love the place of honor at feasts, the best seats in the
synagogues, the salutations in the marketplaces, and to be called 'Rabbi,
Rabbi' by men. But don't you be called 'Rabbi,' for one is your teacher, the
Christ, and all of you are brothers. Call no man on the earth your father, for one is your Father,
he who is in heaven. Neither be called masters, for one is your master, the
Christ. But he who is greatest among you will be your servant. Whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles
himself will be exalted.
"Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you
devour widows' houses, and as a pretense you make long prayers.
Therefore you will receive greater condemnation."
"But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because
you shut up the Kingdom of Heaven against men; for you don't
enter in yourselves, neither do you allow those who are entering
in to enter. Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you travel
around by sea and land to make one proselyte; and when he
becomes one, you make him twice as much of a son of Gehenna as
"Woe to you, you blind guides, who say, 'Whoever swears by
the temple, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gold of the
temple, he is obligated.' You blind fools! For which is greater, the gold, or the
temple that sanctifies the gold? 'Whoever swears by the altar, it is nothing; but whoever
swears by the gift that is on it, he is obligated?' You blind fools! For which is greater, the gift, or the altar
that sanctifies the gift? He therefore who swears by the altar, swears by it, and by
everything on it. He who swears by the temple, swears by it, and by him who was
living in it. He who swears by heaven, swears by the throne of God, and by
him who sits on it."
"Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you tithe
mint, dill, and cumin, and have left undone the weightier
matters of the law: justice, mercy, and faith. But you ought to
have done these, and not to have left the other undone. You blind guides, who strain out a gnat, and swallow a camel!"
"Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you clean
the outside of the cup and of the platter, but within they are
full of extortion and unrighteousness. You blind Pharisee, first clean the inside of the cup and of
the platter, that its outside may become clean also."
"Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are
like whitened tombs, which outwardly appear beautiful, but
inwardly are full of dead men's bones, and of all uncleanness. Even so you also outwardly appear righteous to men, but
inwardly you are full of hypocrisy and iniquity."
"Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you build
the tombs of the prophets, and decorate the tombs of the
righteous, and say, 'If we had lived in the days of our fathers, we
wouldn't have been partakers with them in the blood of the
prophets.' Therefore you testify to yourselves that you are children of
those who killed the prophets. Fill up, then, the measure of your fathers. You serpents, you offspring of vipers, how will you escape
the judgment of (Hell)? Therefore, behold, I send to you prophets, wise men, and
scribes. Some of them you will kill and crucify; and some of
them you will scourge in your synagogues, and persecute from
city to city; that on you may come all the righteous blood shed on the
earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of
Zachariah son of Barachiah, whom you killed between the
sanctuary and the altar. Most certainly I tell you, all these things will come upon
"Jerusalem, Jerusalem, who kills the prophets, and stones
those who are sent to her! How often I would have gathered your
children together, even as a hen gathers her chicks under her
wings, and you would not! Behold, your house is left to you desolate. For I tell you, you will not see me from now on, until you
say, 'Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!'"
(Mark 12:41-44 Luke
sat down opposite the treasury, and He
looked up, and saw the rich people who were putting their gifts
into the treasury. A poor widow came, and she cast
in two small brass coins, which equal a quadrans coin. He called his disciples to himself, and said to them, "Truly
I tell you, this poor widow put in more than
all those who are giving into the treasury, for they all gave out of their abundance, but she, out of her
in all that she had to live on."
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