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16. Jesus Reenters Jerusalem

Christ's Triumphal Entry Into Jerusalem As The Messiah 
(Matt 21:1-11,14-17 Mark 11:1-11 Luke 19:29-44 John 12:12-19)

When they drew near to Jerusalem, and came to Bethsphage and Bethany, at the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two disciples, saying to them, "Go into the village that is opposite you, and immediately as you enter into it, you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her. Untie them, and bring them to me. If anyone asks you, 'Why are you untying it?' you shall say, 'The Lord needs them,' and immediately he will send them." 

(And) the disciples went, and did just as Jesus commanded them, 
And they found things just as he had told them. As they were untying the donkey and colt, its owners said to them, "Why are you untying the donkey and colt?" (And) they said, "The Lord needs it." So they let them go. 

All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophet, saying, "Don't be afraid Tell the daughter of Zion, behold, your King comes to you, humble, and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey." 

A great multitude had come to the feast. When they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, they took the branches of the palm trees, and went out to meet him, 

(And) a very great multitude spread their clothes on the road. Others cut branches from the trees, and spread them on the road. And then, as he was now getting near, at the descent of the Mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples who went before him, and who followed began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works which they had seen, 
The multitudes were shouting, "Hosanna to the son of David! Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest! Peace in heaven and glory in the highest! Blessed is the kingdom of our father David that is coming in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!" 

When he drew near, he saw the city and wept over it, saying, "If you, even you, had known today the things which belong to your peace! But now, they are hidden from your eyes. For the days will come on you, when your enemies will throw up a barricade against you, surround you, hem you in on every side, and will dash you and your children within you to the ground. They will not leave in you one stone on another, because you didn't know the time of your visitation." 

When Jesus had come into Jerusalem, all the city was stirred up, saying, "Who is this?" The multitudes said, "This is the prophet, Jesus, from Nazareth of Galilee." 

The blind and the lame came to him in the temple, and he healed them. But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children who were crying in the temple and saying, "Hosanna to the son of David!" they were indignant, So, some of the Pharisees from the multitude said to him, "Teacher, rebuke your disciples! Do you hear what these are saying?" 

Jesus said to them, "Yes. Did you never read, 'Out of the mouth of babes and nursing babies you have perfected praise? I tell you that if these were silent, the stones would cry out." 

He left them, and went out of the city to Bethany with the twelve, and lodged there. 

His disciples didn't understand these things at first, but when Jesus was glorified, then they remembered that these things were written about him, and that they had done these things to him. 

The multitude therefore that was with him when he called Lazarus out of the tomb, and raised him from the dead, was testifying about it. For this cause also the multitude went and met him, because they heard that he had done this sign. The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, "See how you accomplish nothing. Behold, the world has gone after him."


Jesus Curses the Fig Tree
(Matt 21:18-19 Mark 11:12-14)

Now as Jesus returned to the city in the morning of the next day, when they had come out from Bethany, he was hungry. Seeing a fig tree afar off having leaves, he came to see if perhaps he might find anything on it. When he came to it, he found nothing but leaves, for it was not the season for figs. (And) Jesus told it, "Let there be no fruit from you forever! May no one ever eat fruit from you again!" And his disciples heard it.


The Second Cleansing of the Temple
(Matt 21:12-13 Mark 11:15-18 Luke 19:45-48)

So they came to Jerusalem, and Jesus entered into the temple of God and began to throw out those who sold and those who bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the money changers, and the seats of those who sold the doves. He would not allow anyone to carry a container through the temple. 

(And) He said to them, "It is written, 'My house shall be called a house of prayer for all the nations, but you have made it a den of robbers!'" 

The chief priests and the scribes heard it, and sought how they might destroy him. For they feared him, because all the multitude was astonished at his teaching. 

(And) He was teaching daily in the temple, but the chief priests and the scribes and the leading men among the people sought to destroy him. They couldn't find what they might do, for all the people hung on to every word that he said.


In Jerusalem, Jesus Talks About Being Lifted Up
From the Earth to Draw All People to Him 
(John 12:20-50)

Now there were certain Greeks among those that went up to worship at the feast. These, therefore, came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida of Galilee, and asked him, saying, "Sir, we want to see Jesus." Philip came and told Andrew, and in turn, Andrew came with Philip, and they told Jesus. Jesus answered them, "The time has come for the Son of Man to be glorified. Most certainly I tell you, unless a grain of wheat falls into the earth and dies, it remains by itself alone. But if it dies, it bears much fruit. He who loves his life will lose it. He who hates his life in this world will keep it to eternal life. If anyone serves me, let him follow me. Where I am, there will my servant also be. If anyone serves me, the Father will honor him. 

"Now my soul is troubled. What shall I say? 'Father, save me from this time?' But for this cause I came to this time. Father, glorify your name!" 

Then there came a voice out of the sky, saying, "I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again." 

The multitude therefore, who stood by and heard it, said that it had thundered. Others said, "An angel has spoken to him." 

Jesus answered, "This voice hasn't come for my sake, but for your sakes. Now is the judgment of this world. Now the prince of this world will be cast out. And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myself." But he said this, signifying by what kind of death he should die. The multitude answered him, "We have heard out of the law that the Christ remains forever. How do you say, 'The Son of Man must be lifted up?' Who is this Son of Man?" 

Jesus therefore said to them, "Yet a little while the light is with you. Walk while you have the light, that darkness doesn't overtake you. He who walks in the darkness doesn't know where he is going. While you have the light, believe in the light, that you may become children of light." Jesus said these things, and he departed and hid himself from them. But though he had done so many signs before them, yet they didn't believe in him, that the word of Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spoke, "Lord, who has believed our report? To whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?" 

For this cause they couldn't believe, for Isaiah said again, "He has blinded their eyes and he hardened their heart, lest they should see with their eyes, and perceive with their heart, and would turn, and I would heal them." 

Isaiah said these things when he saw his glory, and spoke of him. Nevertheless even of the rulers many believed in him, but because of the Pharisees they didn't confess it, so that they wouldn't be put out of the synagogue, for they loved men's praise more than God's praise. 

Jesus cried out and said, "Whoever believes in me, believes not in me, but in him who sent me. He who sees me sees him who sent me. I have come as a light into the world, that whoever believes in me may not remain in the darkness. If anyone listens to my sayings, and doesn't believe, I don't judge him. For I came not to judge the world, but to save the world. He who rejects me, and doesn't receive my sayings, has one who judges him. The word that I spoke, the same will judge him in the last day. For I spoke not from myself, but the Father who sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak. I know that his commandment is eternal life. The things therefore which I speak, even as the Father has said to me, so I speak."


The Fig Tree is Withered
(Matt 21:19-22 Mark 11:19-25 Luke 21:37-38)

Every day Jesus was teaching in the temple, and every night he would go out and spend the night on the mountain that is called Olivet. All the people came early in the morning to him in the temple to hear him. 

When evening came, he went out of the city 

Now in the morning, as they passed by, they saw the fig tree dried up from the roots. For immediately the fig tree had withered away. And Peter, remembering, said to Him, "Rabbi, look! The fig tree which You cursed has withered away. How did the fig tree wither away so soon?" 

So Jesus answered them, "Most certainly I tell you, if you have faith in God, and don't doubt, you will not only do what was done to the fig tree, but even if you told this mountain, 'Be taken up and cast into the sea,' it would be done. For most certainly I tell you, He who may tell this mountain, 'Be taken up and cast into the sea,' and doesn't doubt in his heart, but believes that what he says is happening; he shall have whatever he says. Therefore I tell you, All things, whatever you ask in prayer, believing, you will receive. 
Believe that you have received them, and you shall have them. Whenever you stand praying, forgive, if you have anything against anyone; so that your Father, who is in heaven, may also forgive you your transgressions. 


The Jews Formally Challenge Jesus' Authority.
Jesus Then Asks About John's Baptism. Jesus Gives
3 Parables Concerning the Wickedness of the Jews. 
(Matt 21:23-22:14 Mark 11:27-12:12 Luke 20:1-19)

They came again to Jerusalem, When he had come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came to him as he was teaching, and said, "By what authority do you do these things? Who gave you this authority?" 

Jesus answered them, "I also will ask you one question, which if you tell me, I likewise will tell you by what authority I do these things. 
The baptism of John, where was it from? Was it from heaven, or from men? Answer me." 

They reasoned with themselves, saying, "If we say, 'From heaven,' he will ask us, 'Why then did you not believe him?' But if we say, 'From men,' we fear the multitude, all the people will stone us, for they are persuaded that John was a prophet." So, they answered Jesus, and said, "We don't know." 

He also said to them, "Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things. But what do you think? A man had two sons, and he came to the first, and said, 'Son, go work today in my vineyard.' He answered, 'I will not,' but afterward he changed his mind, and went. He came to the second, and said the same thing. He answered, 'I go, sir,' but he didn't go. Which of the two did the will of his father?" 

They said to him, "The first." 

Jesus said to them, "Most certainly I tell you that the tax collectors and the prostitutes are entering into the Kingdom of God before you. For John came to you in the way of righteousness, and you didn't believe him, but the tax collectors and the prostitutes believed him. When you saw it, you didn't even repent afterward, that you might believe him. 

"Hear another parable. There was a man who was a master of a household, who planted a vineyard, set a hedge about it, dug a winepress in it, built a tower, leased it out to farmers, and went into another country 
for a long time. When the season for the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the farmers to collect his share of the fruit of the vineyard. The farmers took him, beat him, and sent him away empty. Again, he sent another servant to them; and they threw stones at him, wounded him in the head, and sent him away shamefully treated. Again he sent another; and they killed him; and many others, beating some, and killing some. The lord of the vineyard said, 'What shall I do? I will send my beloved son. It may be that seeing him, they will respect him.' So, he sent to them his son, saying, 'They will respect my son.' But the farmers, when they saw the son, said among themselves, 'This is the heir. Come, let's kill him, and seize his inheritance.' So they took him, and threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him. When therefore the lord of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those farmers?" 

They told him, "He will miserably destroy those miserable men, and will lease out the vineyard to other farmers, who will give him the fruit in its season." 

Jesus said to them, "Did you never read in the Scriptures, 'The stone which the builders rejected, the same was made the head of the corner
, the chief cornerstone. This was from the Lord. It is marvelous in our eyes?' 

"Therefore I tell you, the Kingdom of God will be taken away from you, and will be given to a nation bringing forth its fruit. He who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but on whoever it will fall, it will scatter him as dust." 

When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they perceived that he spoke about them. 
the chief priests and the scribes sought to lay hands on him that very hour, but they feared the people, because they considered him to be a prophet, and the people knew He had spoken this parable against them; So they left him, and went away. 

Then Jesus began to tell the people this parable: 
"The Kingdom of Heaven is like a certain king, who made a marriage feast for his son, and sent out his servants to call those who were invited to the marriage feast, but they would not come. Again he sent out other servants, saying, 'Tell those who are invited, "Behold, I have prepared my dinner. My cattle and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready. Come to the marriage feast!"' But they made light of it, and went their ways, one to his own farm, another to his merchandise, and the rest grabbed his servants, and treated them shamefully, and killed them. When the king heard that, he was angry, and sent his armies, destroyed those murderers, and burned their city. 

"Then he said to his servants, 'The wedding is ready, but those who were invited weren't worthy. Go therefore to the intersections of the highways, and as many as you may find, invite to the marriage feast.' Those servants went out into the highways, and gathered together as many as they found, both bad and good. The wedding was filled with guests. But when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man who didn't have on wedding clothing, and he said to him, 'Friend, how did you come in here not wearing wedding clothing?' He was speechless. Then the king said to the servants, 'Bind him hand and foot, take him away, and throw him into the outer darkness; there is where the weeping and grinding of teeth will be.' For many are called, but few chosen."


They Tried to Trap Jesus With His Words, But Could Not 
(Matt 22:15-22 Mark 12:13-17 Luke 20:20-26)

They watched him, and sent out spies, who pretended to be righteous, that they might trap him in something he said, so as to deliver him up to the power and authority of the governor. Then the Pharisees went and took counsel how they might entrap him in his talk.

They sent their disciples to him, some of the Pharisees along with the Herodians, saying, "Teacher, we know that you are honest, and teach the way of God in truth, no matter who you teach, for you aren't partial to anyone, but truly teach the way of God. Tell us therefore, what do you think? Is it lawful for us to pay taxes to Caesar, or not? Shall we pay, or shall we not pay?" 

But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, "Why do you test me, you hypocrites? Show me the tax money." 

They brought to him a denarius. 

He asked them, "Whose is this image and inscription?" 

They said to him, "Caesar's." 

Then he said to them, "Give therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's." 

When they heard it, they marveled 
and were silent. So they left him, and went away. 
They weren't able to trap him in his words before the people.


The Sadducees Ask Jesus About the Resurrection
(Matt 22:23-33 Mark 12:18-27 Luke 20:27-38)

On that (same) day some of the Sadducees, those who say that there is no resurrection, came to him. They asked him, saying, "Teacher, Moses said, 'If a man dies, leaving a wife behind, but having no children; His brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed for his brother.' Now there were with us seven brothers. The first took a wife, and died childless. The second took her as wife, and he died childless. The third took her, and likewise to the seventh. The seven all left no children, and died. Last of all the woman also died. Therefore in the resurrection when they rise, whose wife of the seven will she be? For the seven had her as a wife." But Jesus answered them, "You are mistaken, not knowing the Scriptures, nor the power of God. The children of this age marry, and are given in marriage. But those who are considered worthy to attain to that age in the resurrection from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage; but are like God's angels in heaven. For they can't die any more, for they are like the angels, and are children of God, being children of the resurrection. But concerning the resurrection of the dead, haven't you read in the book of Moses, that which was spoken to you by God, in the burning bush, saying, 'I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob'? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living, for all are alive to him. You are therefore badly mistaken. So, even Moses showed at the bush that the dead are raised." When the multitudes heard it, they were astonished at his teaching.


The Pharisees Ask Jesus About The Greatest Commandment
(Matt 22:34-40 Mark 12:28-34 Luke 20:39-40)

But the Pharisees, when they heard that he had silenced the Sadducees, gathered themselves together. (Then) one of the scribes, a lawyer, who heard them questioning together. Knowing that he had answered them well,  Said,  "Teacher, you speak well." Then he asked him a question, testing him. "Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law?" Jesus said to him, "The greatest is, 'Hear, Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one: 'You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind. and with all your strength. This is the first and great commandment. A second likewise is this, 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.' There is no other commandment greater than these. The whole law and the prophets depend on these two commandments." 

The scribe said to him, "Truly, teacher, you have said well that he is one, and there is none other but he, and to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love his neighbor as himself, is more important than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices." 

When Jesus saw that he answered wisely, he said to him, "You are not far from the Kingdom of God." 

They didn't dare to ask him any more questions.


Jesus Asks Whose Son Christ Is
(Matt 22:41-46 Mark 12:35-37 Luke 20:41-44)

Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them a question, 

saying, "What do you think of the Christ? Whose son is he?" 

They said to him, "Of David." 

He said to them,
"In the book of Psalms: How then does David in the Spirit call him Lord, saying, 'The Lord said to my Lord, sit on my right hand, until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet?' If then David calls him Lord, how is he his son?" 

(And) no one was able to answer him a word, neither did any man dare ask him any more questions from that day forth. 

the common people heard him gladly.


Beware Of The Scribes
(Matt 23:1-39 Mark 12:38-40 Luke 20:45-47)

Then Jesus spoke to the multitudes and to his disciples, saying, "The scribes and the Pharisees sat on Moses' seat. All things therefore whatever they tell you to observe, observe and do, but don't do their works; for they say, and don't do. Beware of the scribes, For they bind heavy burdens that are grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not lift a finger to help them. But all their works they do to be seen by men who like to walk in long robes. They make their phylacteries broad and enlarge the borders of their garments. and love the place of honor at feasts, the best seats in the synagogues, the salutations in the marketplaces, and to be called 'Rabbi, Rabbi' by men. But don't you be called 'Rabbi,' for one is your teacher, the Christ, and all of you are brothers. Call no man on the earth your father, for one is your Father, he who is in heaven. Neither be called masters, for one is your master, the Christ. But he who is greatest among you will be your servant. Whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted. 

"Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you devour widows' houses, and as a pretense you make long prayers. Therefore you will receive greater condemnation."

"But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you shut up the Kingdom of Heaven against men; for you don't enter in yourselves, neither do you allow those who are entering in to enter. Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you travel around by sea and land to make one proselyte; and when he becomes one, you make him twice as much of a son of Gehenna as yourselves." 

"Woe to you, you blind guides, who say, 'Whoever swears by the temple, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gold of the temple, he is obligated.' You blind fools! For which is greater, the gold, or the temple that sanctifies the gold? 'Whoever swears by the altar, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gift that is on it, he is obligated?' You blind fools! For which is greater, the gift, or the altar that sanctifies the gift? He therefore who swears by the altar, swears by it, and by everything on it. He who swears by the temple, swears by it, and by him who was living in it. He who swears by heaven, swears by the throne of God, and by him who sits on it." 

"Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you tithe mint, dill, and cumin, and have left undone the weightier matters of the law: justice, mercy, and faith. But you ought to have done these, and not to have left the other undone. You blind guides, who strain out a gnat, and swallow a camel!"

"Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you clean the outside of the cup and of the platter, but within they are full of extortion and unrighteousness. You blind Pharisee, first clean the inside of the cup and of the platter, that its outside may become clean also."

"Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are like whitened tombs, which outwardly appear beautiful, but inwardly are full of dead men's bones, and of all uncleanness. Even so you also outwardly appear righteous to men, but inwardly you are full of hypocrisy and iniquity." 

"Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you build the tombs of the prophets, and decorate the tombs of the righteous, and say, 'If we had lived in the days of our fathers, we wouldn't have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets.' Therefore you testify to yourselves that you are children of those who killed the prophets. Fill up, then, the measure of your fathers. You serpents, you offspring of vipers, how will you escape the judgment of (Hell)? Therefore, behold, I send to you prophets, wise men, and scribes. Some of them you will kill and crucify; and some of them you will scourge in your synagogues, and persecute from city to city; that on you may come all the righteous blood shed on the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zachariah son of Barachiah, whom you killed between the sanctuary and the altar. Most certainly I tell you, all these things will come upon this generation."

"Jerusalem, Jerusalem, who kills the prophets, and stones those who are sent to her! How often I would have gathered your children together, even as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, and you would not! Behold, your house is left to you desolate. For I tell you, you will not see me from now on, until you say, 'Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!'"


The Poor Widow's Gift
(Mark 12:41-44 Luke 21:1-4)

Jesus sat down opposite the treasury, and He looked up, and saw the rich people who were putting their gifts into the treasury. A poor widow came, and she cast in two small brass coins, which equal a quadrans coin. He called his disciples to himself, and said to them, "Truly I tell you, this poor widow put in more than all those who are giving into the treasury, for they all gave out of their abundance, but she, out of her poverty put in all that she had to live on."


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