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19. Jesus Is Arrested and Put On Trial
Jesus Suffers In the Garden of Gethsemane
Jesus Is Betrayed, Arrested, And Forsaken
When Jesus had spoken these
words, he went out with his disciples over the brook Kidron,
where there was a garden, into which he and his disciples
he was at the place called
his disciples, "Sit here, while I go there and pray." He took with him Peter, James,
and John, and began to
be sorrowful and severely troubled and
distressed. Then he said to them, "My soul
is exceedingly sorrowful, even to death. Stay here, and watch
with me. Pray
that you don't enter into temptation." He went forward a little, about
a stone's throw, and fell
on his face, to the
ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might
pass away from him. He said, "Abba, Father, all things are possible to you. My
you are willing, if
it is possible, Please
remove this cup from me. let
this cup pass away from me; nevertheless, not what I desire, but
what you desire."
An angel from heaven appeared to
him, strengthening him. Being in agony he prayed more earnestly. His sweat became
like great drops of blood falling down on the ground. He came to the disciples, and
found them sleeping, and said to Peter, "Simon,
are you sleeping? What,
couldn't you watch with me for one hour? Watch and pray, that you don't enter into temptation. The
spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak."
Again, a second time he went away, and prayed, saying, "My
Father, if this cup can't pass away from me unless I drink it,
your desire be done." He came again and found them sleeping, for their eyes were
heavy, and they didn't know what to
answer him. He left them again, went away,
and prayed a third time, saying the same words. Then he came to his disciples, and said to them, "Sleep on
now, and take your rest. It
is enough. Behold,
the hour is at hand, and the Son of Man is betrayed into the
hands of sinners. Arise, let's be going. Behold, he who betrays me is at hand."
Annas Exams Jesus
Now Judas, who betrayed him,
also knew the place, for Jesus often met there with his
disciples. Judas then, having taken a detachment of soldiers and officers
from the chief priests and the Pharisees, came there with
lanterns, torches, and weapons.
While Jesus was
still speaking, behold, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with
him a great multitude with swords and clubs, from the chief
priest, the scribes, and
elders of the people.
Jesus therefore, knowing all the
things that were happening to him, went forth, and said to them,
"Who are you looking for?"
They answered him, "Jesus of Nazareth."
Jesus said to them, "I am he."
Judas also, who betrayed him, was standing with them. When therefore he said to them, "I am he," they went backward,
and fell to the ground.
Again therefore he asked them, "Who are you looking for?"
They said, "Jesus of Nazareth."
Jesus answered, "I told you that I am he. If therefore you
seek me, let these go their way," that the word might be fulfilled which he spoke, "Of those
whom you have given me, I have lost none." Now he who betrayed him gave
them a sign, saying, "Whoever I kiss, he is the one. Seize him,
and lead him away safely." Immediately he came to Jesus,
and said, "Hail, Rabbi!" and kissed him.
Jesus said to him, "Judas, why
are you here? Do
you betray the Son of Man with a kiss?" Then
they came and laid hands on Jesus, and took him. When those who were around him
saw what was about to happen, they said to him, "Lord, shall we
strike with the sword?"
of those who were with Jesus stretched out his hand, and drew
his sword, and struck the servant of the high priest, and struck
off his right ear. The
servant's name was Malchus.
Then Jesus said to him, "Put
your sword back into its place, for all those who take the sword
will die by the sword. Or do you think that I couldn't ask my Father, and he would
even now send me more than twelve legions of angels?How then would the Scriptures be fulfilled that it must be
so? Shall I not surely drink (the cup
which my Father has given me)?" But Jesus answered, "Let me at
least do this" and he touched his ear, and healed him.
Jesus said to the chief priests, captains of the temple, and
elders, who had come against him, "Have
you come out as against a robber with swords and clubs to seize
me? I sat daily in the temple teaching, and you didn't arrest
me. But this is your hour, and the
power of darkness." And all
this has happened, that the Scriptures of the prophets might be
Then all the disciples left him, and fled.
A certain young
man followed him, having a linen cloth thrown around himself,
over his naked body. The young men grabbed him, but he left the linen cloth, and fled from them naked.
Jesus is Condemned By Caiaphas
So the detachment, the
commanding officer, and the officers of the Jews, seized Jesus
and bound him, and led him to Annas first, for he was father-in-law to
Caiaphas, who was high priest that year. Now it was Caiaphas who advised the Jews that it was
expedient that one man should perish for the people. The high priest therefore asked Jesus about his disciples,
and about his teaching. Jesus answered him, "I spoke openly to the world. I always
taught in synagogues, and in the temple, where the Jews always
meet. I said nothing in secret. Why do you ask me? Ask those who have heard me what I said to
them. Behold, these know the things which I said."
When he had said this, one of the officers standing by
slapped Jesus with his hand, saying, "Do you answer the high
priest like that?"
Jesus answered him, "If I have spoken evil, testify of the
evil; but if well, why do you beat me?"
Annas sent him bound to Caiaphas, the high priest.
Peter Denies Jesus Three Times
Those who had taken Jesus led
him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the
elders were gathered together. But Simon Peter
as did another disciple, from
a distance, to the court of the high priest, and entered in and
sat with the officers, to see the end. Now the chief priests, the elders, and the whole council
sought false testimony against Jesus, that they might put him to
death; and they found none. Even though many false witnesses came
forward, they found none. But at last two false witnesses came
forward, and said, "We
man say, 'I
am able to destroy the temple of God that
is made with hands, and in three days I will build another made
Even so, their testimony did not agree.
The high priest stood up, and
said to him, "Have you no answer? What is this that these
testify against you?" But Jesus held his peace and
answered nothing. Again the
high priest asked him,
"I adjure you by the living God, that you tell us whether you
are the Christ, the Son of God. The
Son of the Blessed?"
Jesus said to him, "You have
said it. I
I tell you, after this you will see the Son of Man sitting at
the right hand of Power, and coming on the clouds of the sky."
Then the high priest tore his clothing, saying, "He has
spoken blasphemy! Why do we need any more witnesses? Behold, now
you have heard his blasphemy. What do you think?"
They answered, "He is worthy of death!" Then they spit in his face and beat him with their fists, and
some slapped him,
Having blindfolded him to
cover his face,
they struck him on the face and asked him, "Prophesy! Who is the
one who struck you?" They spoke many other things against him, insulting him.
In The Morning, Jesus Is Officially Condemned By The Sanhedrin
Simon Peter followed Jesus at
a distance, as did another
disciple. Now that disciple was known to the high priest, and
entered in with Jesus into the court of the high priest; but Peter was standing at the door outside. So the other
disciple, who was known to the high priest, went out and spoke
to her who kept the door, and brought in Peter. Then the servant
the high priest who
kept the door looked intently
at him, and said
to Peter, "You
were also with Jesus, the Galilean! Are
you also one of this man's disciples?"
But he denied it before them
all, saying, "I
am not. I
don't know what you are talking about." (And)
he went out on the porch, and the rooster crowed.
Now the servants and the
officers (stood) and then sat
down together, having made a fire of coals, in
the middle of the courtyard, for
it was cold. They were warming themselves.
Now Simon Peter (stood) and
among them and
certain servant girl saw him as he sat in the light, and looking
intently at him, and said, "You
aren't also one of his disciples, are you?" "This
is one of them."
Again he denied it with an oath, and
said, "I am not. Woman, I
don't know the man."
about one hour passed, One
of the servants of the high priest, being a relative of him
whose ear Peter had cut off, confidently
I see you in the garden with him? Surely
you are also one of them, for your speech makes you known for you
Then Peter began
to curse and to swear, "Man,
I don't know what you are talking about! I
don't know the man!" Immediately,
while he was still speaking, a rooster crowed. The Lord turned, and looked at Peter. Then Peter remembered the
word which Jesus had said to him, "Before
the rooster crows twice you
will deny me three times." He went out, and wept bitterly.
Judas Kills Himself
As soon as it was day, the
assembly of the elders of the people was gathered together, both
chief priests and scribes, and took
counsel against Jesus to put him to death: So they
led him away into their council, saying, "If you are the Christ, tell us."
But he said to them, "If I tell you, you won't believe, and if I ask, you will in no way answer me or let me go. From now on, the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand
of the power of God."
They all said, "Are you then the Son of God?"
He said to them, "You say it, because I am."
They said, "Why do we need any more witness? For we ourselves
have heard from his own mouth!"
whole company of them rose up and
they bound him, and led him away, and delivered him up to
Pontius Pilate, the governor.
Pilate Sees Jesus The First Time
Then Judas, who betrayed him,
when he saw that Jesus was condemned, felt remorse, and brought
back the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and
elders, saying, "I have sinned in that I betrayed innocent blood."
But they said, "What is that to us? You see to it."
He threw down the pieces of silver in the sanctuary, and
departed. He went away and hanged himself.
The chief priests took the pieces of silver, and said, "It's
not lawful to put them into the treasury, since it is the price
of blood." They took counsel, and bought the potter's field with them, to
bury strangers in.
Now this man obtained a
field with the reward for his wickedness, and falling headlong,
his body burst open, and all his intestines gushed out. It became known to everyone who lived in Jerusalem that in
their language that field was called 'Akeldama,' that is, 'The
field of blood' to
this day. Then that which was spoken through Jeremiah the prophet was
fulfilled, saying, "They took the thirty pieces of silver, the
price of him upon whom a price had been set, whom some of the
children of Israel priced, and they gave them for the potter's field, as the Lord
Herod Sees Jesus
They led Jesus therefore from Caiaphas into the Praetorium, to deliver
him up to Pontius Pilate, the governor. It
was early, and they themselves didn't enter into the Praetorium,
that they might not be defiled, but might eat the Passover. Pilate therefore went out to them, and said, "What accusation
do you bring against this man?"
They answered him, "If this man weren't an evildoer, we
wouldn't have delivered him up to you."
Pilate therefore said to them, "Take him yourselves, and
judge him according to your law."
Therefore the Jews said to him, "It is not lawful for us to put
anyone to death," that the word of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spoke,
signifying by what kind of death he should die.
They began to accuse him, saying,
"We found this man perverting the nation, forbidding paying
taxes to Caesar, and saying that he himself is Christ, a king."
Pilate therefore entered again
into the Praetorium, called Jesus. Now Jesus stood before the
governor: and the governor asked him, saying, "Are you the King
of the Jews?"
Jesus said to him, "So you say."
answered him, "Do you say this by yourself, or did others tell
you about me?"
Pilate answered, "I'm not a Jew, am I? Your own nation and
the chief priests delivered you to me. What have you done?"
Jesus answered, "My Kingdom is not of this world. If my
Kingdom were of this world, then my servants would fight, that I
wouldn't be delivered to the Jews. But now my Kingdom is not
Pilate therefore said to him, "Are you a king then?"
Jesus answered, "You say that I am a king. For this reason I
have been born, and for this reason I have come into the world,
that I should testify to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth
listens to my voice."
Pilate said to him, "What is truth?"
When he had said this, he went out again to the Jews, the
chief priests and the multitudes, and
said to them, "I find no basis for a charge against him.
The chief priests and
him of many things, (but he answered nothing).
Then Pilate said to him, "Have
you no answer? Don't
you hear how many things they testify against you?"
But Jesus made no further answer,
so that Pilate the
governor marveled greatly.
insisted, saying, "He stirs up the people, teaching throughout
all Judea, beginning from Galilee even to this place."
Pilate Sees Jesus The Second Time
But when Pilate heard Galilee
mentioned, he asked if the man was a Galilean. When he found out that he was in Herod's jurisdiction, he sent
him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem during those days.
Now when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceedingly glad, for he had
wanted to see him for a long time, because he had heard many
things about him. He hoped to see some miracle done by him. He questioned him with many words, but he gave no answers. The chief priests and the scribes stood, vehemently accusing
him. Herod with his soldiers humiliated him and mocked him.
Dressing him in luxurious clothing, they sent him back to
Pilate. Herod and Pilate became friends with each other that very
day, for before that they were enemies with each other.
Pilate called together the
chief priests and the rulers and the people, and said to them, "You brought this man to me as one that
perverts the people, and see, I have examined him before you,
and found no basis for a charge against this man concerning
those things of which you accuse him. Neither has Herod, for I sent you to him, and see, nothing
worthy of death has been done by him. I will therefore chastise him and release him."
Now at the feast
the governor was accustomed to release to the multitude one
prisoner, whom they desired. There was a
(notorious) prisoner, called Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber. One who was thrown into prison
for a certain revolt in the city, and for murder. He
was actually bound
with those who had made insurrection, men who in the
insurrection had committed murder.
multitude, crying aloud, began to ask him to do as he always did
When therefore they were
gathered together, Pilate said to them, "Do
you want me to release to you the King of the Jews?"
"Whom do you want me to release to
you? Barabbas, or Jesus, who is called Christ?"
For he knew that because of envy they had delivered him up.
While he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent to
him, saying, "Have nothing to do with that righteous man, for I
have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him."
Now he had to release one
prisoner to them at the feast. So
he said: You have a custom, that I should
release someone to you at the Passover. Therefore do you want me
to release to you the King of the Jews?"
Now the chief priests and the
elders persuaded the multitudes to ask for Barabbas, and destroy
Jesus. But the governor answered them, "Which of the two do you want
me to release to you?"
Then they all shouted again,
saying, "Not this man, Away
with this man! Release to us Barabbas!"
Pilate said to them, "What then
shall I do to Jesus, whom
you call Christ, the
King of the Jews?" They
all said to him, "Let him be crucified! Crucify
So Pilate then took Jesus, and
flogged him. The soldiers twisted thorns into a crown, and put it on his
head, and dressed him in a purple garment. They kept saying, "Hail, King of the Jews!" and they kept
Then Pilate went out again, and said to them, "Behold, I bring
him out to you, that you may know that I find no basis for a
charge against him."
Jesus therefore came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the
Pilate said to them, "Behold, the man!"
When therefore the chief priests and the officers saw him,
they shouted, saying, "Crucify! Crucify!"
Pilate said to them, "Take him yourselves, and crucify him, for
I find no basis for a charge against him."
Then Pilate spoke to them again,
wanting to release Jesus but they shouted, saying, "Crucify! Crucify him!"
He said to them the third time, "Why? What evil has this man
done? I have found no capital crime in him. I will therefore
chastise him and release him."
The Jews cried
out exceedingly, saying, "Let him be crucified!" "We
have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made
himself the Son of God."
When therefore Pilate heard this saying, he was more afraid.
He entered into the Praetorium again, and said to Jesus,
"Where are you from?" But Jesus gave him no answer. Pilate therefore said to him, "Aren't you speaking to me?
Don't you know that I have power to release you, and have power
to crucify you?"
Jesus answered, "You would have no power at all against me,
unless it were given to you from above. Therefore he who
delivered me to you has greater sin."
At this, Pilate was seeking to release him, but the Jews
cried out, saying, "If you release this man, you aren't Caesar's
friend! Everyone who makes himself a king speaks against
When Pilate therefore heard these words, he brought Jesus
out, and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called "The
Pavement," but in Hebrew, "Gabbatha." Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover, at about the
sixth hour. He said to the Jews, "Behold, your King!"
But they were urgent with loud
cried out, "Away with him! Away with him! Crucify him!" Their
voices and the voices of the chief priests prevailed.
Pilate said to them, "Shall I
crucify your King?"
The chief priests answered, "We have no king but Caesar!"
So when Pilate saw that nothing
was being gained, but rather that a disturbance was starting, he
took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying,
"I am innocent of the blood of this righteous person. You see to
All the people answered, "May his blood be on us, and on our
to please the multitude, Pilate
decreed that what they asked for should be done. He released to
them Barabbas, who
had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, for
whom they asked, but he delivered Jesus up to their will. Jesus was flogged
and delivered to be crucified.
So they took Jesus
and led him away.
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